Error monitoring and daily life executive functioning

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Abstract

Error monitoring during task execution is reflected in post-error slowing (PES), which refers to the tendency to slow down performance after making an error in order to prevent future mistakes. The key question of the present study is whether poor error monitoring (reduced magnitude of PES) has negative consequences for daily life executive function skills, as well as functioning in different life settings such as work, family, social, and academic settings. Eighty-five university students performed a lexical decision task and completed The Executive Function Index Scale (EFI), and the Weiss Functional Impairments Rating Scale (WFIRS). Individual academic achievement was measured using the Grade Point Average. Statistical analysis revealed that a decreased magnitude of PES was weakly associated with less efficient planning (one of the executive functions). Results suggest that error monitoring, as measured by PES, was not associated with functioning in a naturalistic environment, but could be interpreted to some extent as an experimental marker of planning in daily life executive functioning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2217-2229
Number of pages13
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Volume237
Issue number9
Early online date24-Jun-2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2019

Keywords

  • Post-error slowing
  • Executive functions
  • Ecological validity
  • Daily functioning
  • Academic achievement
  • ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX
  • MEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX
  • ECOLOGICAL VALIDITY
  • PERFORMANCE
  • INDIVIDUALS
  • ADULTS
  • CHOICE
  • ADHD
  • ACHIEVEMENT
  • PERSPECTIVE

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