Establishing the Next Generation at Work: Leader Generativity as a Moderator of the Relationships Between Leader Age, Leader-Member Exchange, and Leadership Success

Hannes Zacher*, Kathrin Rosing, Thomas Henning, Michael Frese

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the authors investigated leader generativity as a moderator of the relationships between leader age, leader-member exchange, and three criteria of leadership success (follower perceptions of leader effectiveness, follower satisfaction with leader, and follower extra effort). Data came from 128 university professors paired with one research assistant each. Results showed positive relationships between leader age and leader generativity, and negative relationships between leader age and follower perceptions of leader effectiveness and follower extra effort. Consistent with expectations based on leadership categorization theory, leader generativity moderated the relationships between leader age and all three criteria of leadership success, such that leaders high in generativity were better able to maintain high levels of leadership success at higher ages than leaders low in generativity. Finally, results of mediated moderation analyses showed that leader-member exchange quality mediated these moderating effects. The findings suggest that, in combination, leader age and the age-related construct of generativity importantly influence leadership processes and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-252
Number of pages12
JournalPsychology and Aging
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • generativity
  • age
  • work
  • leadership
  • leadership categorization theory
  • leadership success
  • leader-member exchange
  • mediated moderation
  • FUTURE TIME PERSPECTIVE
  • OLDER-ADULTS
  • TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP
  • TRANSACTIONAL LEADERSHIP
  • JOB-PERFORMANCE
  • SHORT VERSION
  • YOUNG-ADULTS
  • LIFE-SPAN
  • PERSONALITY
  • MIDLIFE

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