Estimation of shallow geothermal potential to meet building heating demand on a regional scale

Johannes M. Miocic*, Marc Krecher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
68 Downloads (Pure)


Extracting shallow geothermal energy using borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) can help decarbonising theresidential heating sector, particularly where no other low-carbon heating solutions are readily available.To assist urban planners and policy makers in developing carbon-neutral heating plans, the regionaltechnical shallow geothermal potential must be known. Here, we calculate the technical geothermalpotential of BHEfields on a regional scale while taking potential thermal interference between BHEs,geological conditions, as well as space available for BHE installation into account. The number of BHEsplaced is maximized and heat extraction rate from each BHE is optimized taking regional regulations intoaccount. When the methodology is applied to the German state of Baden-Württemberg on a building-block scale, results suggest an annual technical potential of 33.5 TWh. We then link this technicalgeothermal potential to heating demand scenarios on a building block scale and the results show that,depending on the renovation status of the buildings, between 44% and 93% of all building blocks can beheated using only BHEs. This allows for a rapid identification of building blocks for which BHEs are notable to meet the heating demand and where other means of heat supply will be needed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-640
Number of pages11
JournalRenewable Energy
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2022

Cite this