Evaluation of a closed-loop muscle relaxation control system

DJ Eleveld*, JH Proost, JMKH Wierda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Automatic muscle relaxation control may reduce anesthesiologists' workload freeing them for other patient care requirements. In this report we describe a muscle relaxation controller designed for routine clinical application using rocuronium and the train-of-four count. A muscle relaxation monitor (TOF Watch SX) was connected to a laptop computer running a controller algorithm program that communicates with a syringe pump to form a closed-loop muscle relaxation system. The control algorithm uses proportionalintegral and lookup table components and is designed to avoid the usability restrictions of existing controllers. The controller is optimized using an objective method to avoid the uncertainties of "hand-crafted" controller algorithms. Controller target was train-of-four count I or 2 and controller performance was evaluated in 15 patients. During 39 hours of closed-loop control, 96.1% of all twitches recorded were in the target range. Average rocuronium infusion rate was 0.36 mg.kg(-1)center dot h(-1)((SD)0.18 mg.kg(-1)center dot(h-1)). We show that the controller remains useful even in the presence of disturbances that can arise in routine clinical conditions. The muscle relaxation controller maintained the target train-of-four count values and may serve as a basis for the design of hardware and user interfaces for closed-loop muscle relaxation control in clinical conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)758-764
Number of pages7
JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
Volume101
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2005

Keywords

  • INDUCED NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKADE
  • FEEDBACK-CONTROL
  • ATRACURIUM
  • INFUSION
  • MODEL
  • SURGERY

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