Evaluation of measurement properties of the German Work Role Functioning Questionnaire

Martina Michaelis*, Monika A. Rieger, Stephanie Burgess, Viktoria Töws, Femke I. Abma, Ute Bültmann, Benjamin C. Amick, Eva Rothermund

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Objective: We assessed the measurement properties of the German Work Role Functioning Questionnaire (WRFQ) after its cross-cultural adaptation of the Dutch version. The WRFQ is a generic role-specific instrument that measures how a particular health status influences the ability to meet work demands.

Methods: We performed an observational study among German employees assessing the following measurement properties: 1) structural, 2) convergent and 3) discriminant validity, 4) floor and ceiling effects, 5) internal consistency, 6) reproducibility and 7) responsiveness. Participants were recruited from an online access panel sample aged 18 to 64 years having worked more than 12 hours in the last 4 weeks prior to study enrollment (n(T0) = 653, n(T1) = 66, n(T2) = 95).

Results: Measurement properties proved to be good except for structural validity and responsiveness. An exploratory factor analysis showed limited replicability of three of the four original subscales.

Conclusion: With the WRFQ German version, the extent can be measured, to which employees with a certain health level experience problems can meet their work demands. This widely used health-related work outcome measurement tool, that helps to identify employees with decreasing work functioning, is now also available in German. This gives researchers and practitioners the opportunity to address work functioning in practice, e.g. in intervention studies in occupational health or rehabilitation. Further research to examine valid subscales is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1750
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Public Health
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2022


  • Adult
  • Factor analysis, statistical
  • Psychometrics
  • Surveys and questionnaires
  • Work capacity evaluation

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