Evidence from northwest European bogs shows ‘Little Ice Age’ climatic changes driven by variations in solar activity

D Mauquoy*, B van Geel, Maarten Blaauw, J van der Plicht

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fluctuations in Holocene atmospheric radiocarbon concentrations have been shown to be due to variations in solar activity. Analyses of both Be-10 and C-14 nuclides confirm that production-rate changes during the Holocene were largely modulated by solar activity. Analyses of peat samples from two intact European ombrotrophic bogs show that climatic deteriorations during the 'Little Ice Age' are associated with transitions to increasing atmospheric C-14 content due to greater C-14 production. Both ombrotrophic mires, which are positioned c. 800 km apart, register reactions to globally recorded C-14 fluctuations between AD 1449 and 1464 and an almost identical reaction between AD 1601 and 1604.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalThe Holocene
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • solar forcing
  • Delta C-14
  • wiggle-match dating
  • 'Little Ice Age'
  • Sphagnum
  • mires
  • RAISED BOGS
  • ATMOSPHERIC C-14
  • 11-YEAR CYCLE
  • WALTON-MOSS
  • VARIABILITY
  • ENGLAND
  • RECORD
  • BE-10
  • CORE
  • TELECONNECTIONS

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