Existential Well-Being Spirituality or Well-Being?

Anja Visser*, Bert Garssen, Ad J. J. M. Vingerhoets

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)
    169 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Measures of spirituality often contain the dimension existential well-being (EWB). However, EWB has been found to overlap with emotional and psychological well-being. Using the Spiritual Attitude and Involvement List (SAIL), we have further investigated the overlap between aspects of spirituality and of well-being among patients with cancer, by determining a) the divergent validity of the subscales of the SAIL compared with a well-being questionnaire and b) the differences in their associations to changes in pain and fatigue, and the occurrence of negative life events. Our findings suggest that a sense of trust that one is able to cope with difficulties of life belongs to the realm of well-being, instead of spirituality. Other aspects, such as a sense of meaning in life, seem more similar to spirituality than to well-being. These results can bring researchers a step further toward constructing "pure" spirituality and well-being measures, which will allow them to investigate the (causal) relationship between these constructs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)234-241
    Number of pages8
    JournalJOURNAL OF NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISEASE
    Volume205
    Issue number3
    Early online date16-Nov-2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar-2017

    Keywords

    • Spirituality
    • well-being
    • definition
    • construct validity
    • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
    • PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT
    • QUESTIONNAIRE DATA
    • CANCER SURVIVORS
    • POPULATION
    • IMPUTATION
    • SCALE
    • MODEL

    Cite this