Experiences of home and institution in a secured nursing home ward in the Netherlands: A participatory intervention study

Mirjam Klaassens*, Louise Meijering

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
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Nursing homes have been criticised for not providing a home for their residents. This article aims to provide insight into (I) the features of home and institution as experienced by residents and caregivers of a secured ward in a nursing home, and (2) how interventions implemented on the ward can contribute to a more home-like environment. For this purpose, a participatory intervention study, involving both caregivers and residents, was carried out. We collected data through qualitative research methods: observations, in-depth interviews and diaries to evaluate the interventions over time. We adopted an informed grounded theory approach, and used conceptualisations of total institutions and home as a theoretical lens. We found that the studied ward had strong characteristics of a total institution, such as batch living, block treatment and limited privacy. To increase the sense of home, interventions were formulated and implemented by the caregivers to increase the residents' autonomy, control and privacy. In this process, caregivers' perceptions and attitudes towards the provision of care shifted from task-oriented to person-centred care. We conclude that it is possible to increase the home-like character of a secured ward by introducing core values of home by means of interventions involving both caregivers and residents. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-102
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Aging Studies
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2015


  • Home
  • Total institutions
  • Nursing home
  • Person-centred care
  • Qualitative methods
  • Participatory approach
  • AGE

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