Experimental and theoretical study of the adsorption of fumaramide [2]rotaxane on Au(111) and Ag(111) surfaces

S. M. Mendoza, C. M. Whelan, J.-P. Jalkanen, F. Zerbetto, F. Gatti, E. R. Kay, D. A. Leigh, Monika Lubomska, Petra Rudolf

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Abstract

Thin films of fumaramide [2] rotaxane, a mechanically interlocked molecule composed of a macrocycle and a thread in a "bead and thread" configuration, were prepared by vapor deposition on both Ag(111) and Au(111) substrates. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and high-resolution electron-energy-loss spectroscopy were used to characterize monolayer and bulklike multilayer films. XPS determination of the relative amounts of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen indicates that the molecule adsorbs intact. On both metal surfaces, molecules in the first adsorbed layer show an additional component in the C 1s XPS line attributed to chemisorption via amide groups. Molecular-dynamics simulation indicates that the molecule orients two of its eight phenyl rings, one from the macrocycle and one from the thread, in a parallel bonding geometry with respect to the metal surfaces, leaving three amide groups very close to the substrate. In the case of fumaramide [2]rotaxane adsorption on Au(111), the presence of certain out-of-plane phenyl ring and Au-O vibrational modes points to such bonding and a preferential molecular orientation. The theoretical and experimental results imply that the three-dimensional intermolecular configuration permits chemisorption at low coverage to be driven by interactions between the three amide functions of fumaramide [2]rotaxane and the Ag(111) or Au(111) surface. (c) 2005 American Institute of Physics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number244708
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume123
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22-Dec-2005

Keywords

  • BENZYLIC AMIDE MACROCYCLE
  • THIN-FILMS
  • ENERGY MINIMIZATION
  • MOLECULAR SHUTTLE
  • ROTAXANE
  • MOTION
  • HREELS
  • CONFIGURATIONS
  • SPECTROSCOPY
  • CATENANE

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