OBJECTIVE: To systematically explore the effectiveness and effective components of self-management interventions.
METHODS: Study selection criteria were: Original articles in English published between 2003 and 2015; focusing on youth with chronic conditions; describing self-management interventions; with clear outcome measures; using RCT design. The random effects analysis was applied in which standardized mean differences per study were calculated.
RESULTS: 42 RCTs were included. Interventions focused on medical management, provided individually in clinical settings or at home by mono-disciplinary teams showed a trend in improving adherence. Interventions delivered individually at home by mono-disciplinary teams showed a trend in improving dealing with a chronic condition.
CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Adherence could be improved through interventions focused on medical management, provided individually in a clinical or home setting by a mono-disciplinary team. Interventions focused on dealing with a chronic condition might be provided individually, through telemedicine programs facilitating peer-support. These intervention elements seemed effective irrespective of diagnosis, and may therefore act as good starting points for further research into and for improvement of self-management support for youth with chronic conditions in pediatric care. Results underlined the need to systematically develop and evaluate self-management interventions, since this may provide more evidence for effectiveness and effective intervention components.
- Chronic Disease/rehabilitation
- Delivery of Health Care
- Disabled Persons
- Outcome Assessment, Health Care
- Patient Education as Topic/methods
- Program Evaluation
- Quality of Life
- Self Care/methods
- Self Efficacy