Exploring organ-specific features of fibrogenesis using murine precision-cut tissue slices

Emilia Bigaeva, Emilia Gore, Henricus A M Mutsaers, Dorenda Oosterhuis, Yong Ook Kim, Detlef Schuppan, Ruud A Bank, Miriam Boersema, Peter Olinga*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Fibrosis is the hallmark of pathologic tissue remodelling in most chronic diseases. Despite advances in our understanding of the mechanisms of fibrosis, it remains uncured. Fibrogenic processes share conserved core cellular and molecular pathways across organs. In this study, we aimed to elucidate shared and organ-specific features of fibrosis using murine precision-cut tissue slices (PCTS) prepared from small intestine, liver and kidneys. PCTS displayed substantial differences in their baseline gene expression profiles: 70% of the extracellular matrix (ECM)-related genes were differentially expressed across the organs. Culture for 48 h induced significant changes in ECM regulation and triggered the onset of fibrogenesis in all PCTS in organ-specific manner. TGFβ signalling was activated during 48 h culture in all PCTS. However, the degree of its involvement varied: both canonical and non-canonical TGFβ pathways were activated in liver and kidney slices, while only canonical, Smad-dependent, cascade was involved in intestinal slices. The treatment with galunisertib blocked the TGFβRI/SMAD2 signalling in all PCTS, but attenuated culture-induced dysregulation of ECM homeostasis and mitigated the onset of fibrogenesis with organ-specificity. In conclusion, regardless the many common features in pathophysiology of organ fibrosis, PCTS displayed diversity in culture-induced responses and in response to the treatment with TGFβRI kinase inhibitor galunisertib, even though it targets a core fibrosis pathway. A clear understanding of the common and organ-specific features of fibrosis is the basis for developing novel antifibrotic therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165582
Number of pages14
JournalBiochimica et biophysica acta-Molecular basis of disease
Volume1866
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-2020

Keywords

  • Precision-cut tissue slices
  • Fibrosis
  • TGF beta
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Collagen
  • SMAD2
  • GROWTH-FACTOR-BETA
  • INHIBITOR LY2157299 MONOHYDRATE
  • TGF-BETA
  • MOLECULAR CHAPERONE
  • LIVER FIBROSIS
  • EXPRESSION
  • ACTIVATION
  • MECHANISMS
  • PATHWAY
  • PROTEIN

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