Exploring policy strategies for mitigating HFC emissions from refrigeration and air conditioning

M. Hekkenberg*, Anton J. M. Schoot Uiterkamp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The growing demand for cooling throughout the world, possibly increased by global climate change, requires the implementation of policies to mitigate the related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from energy and refrigerant use in the refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) sector. This article aims to contribute to the discussion on strategies to reduce HFC emissions from RAC by looking at their different temporal effects, caused by stock-flow dynamics. From scenario modeling, we find that containment strategies are often most effective in reducing HFC emissions in the short run, whereas phase out strategies have more potential in the long run. Further findings suggest that early and quick implementation of phase out strategies could lead to important reductions in cumulative HFC emissions, because stock build up is prevented. This timing effect is less pronounced for containment strategies. Lastly, emissions from disposal, if unabated, can lead to equally large emissions annually as those from use. Preference for several short-term benefits of containment strategies might lead to sub optimal emission reduction strategies, endangering long term GHG emission reduction. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-308
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2007


  • global warming
  • refrigeration
  • air conditioning
  • stock-flow
  • system dynamics
  • scenario study

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