Exploring the relationship between EMG feature space characteristics and control performance in machine learning myoelectric control

A W Franzke*, M B Kristoffersen, V Jayaram, C K Van Der Sluis, A Murgia, R M Bongers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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In myoelectric machine learning (ML) based control, it has been demonstrated that control performance usually increases with training, but it remains largely unknown which underlying factors govern these improvements. It has been suggested that the increase in performance originates from changes in characteristics of the Electromyography (EMG) patterns, such as separability or repeatability. However, the relation between these EMG metrics and control performance has hardly been studied. We assessed the relation between three common EMG feature space metrics (separability, variability and repeatability) in 20 able bodied participants who learned ML myoelectric control in a virtual task over 15 training blocks on 5 days. We assessed the change in offline and real-time performance, as well as the change of each EMG metric over the training. Subsequently, we assessed the relation between individual EMG metrics and offline and real-time performance via correlation analysis. Last, we tried to predict real-time performance from all EMG metrics via L2-regularized linear regression. Results showed that real-time performance improved with training, but there was no change in offline performance or in any of the EMG metrics. Furthermore, we only found a very low correlation between separability and real-time performance and no correlation between any other EMG metric and real-time performance. Finally, real-time performance could not be successfully predicted from all EMG metrics employing L2-regularized linear regression. We concluded that the three EMG metrics and real-time performance appear to be unrelated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-30
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Early online date2020
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2021


  • Electromyography
  • Real-time systems
  • Training
  • Aerospace electronics
  • Correlation
  • Extraterrestrial measurements
  • machine learning
  • pattern analysis
  • prosthetics
  • training

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