Expressive voting and political ideology in a laboratory democracy

Rasmus Wiese*, Richard Jong-A-Pin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We test the theory of expressive voting in relation to political ideology in a laboratory experiment. After deriving our hypotheses from a decision theoretic model, we examine voting decisions in an experiment in which we use the size of the electorate as the treatment variable. Using a Heckman selection model that includes both the electoral participation decision and voting choice decision, we find mixed results for the expressive voting hypothesis. In line with expressive voting, our findings suggest that non-ideological voters are more likely to abstain from voting than ideological voters especially when the electorate grows large. Concerning the voting choice decision between an equal but inefficient, and an unequal but efficient income distribution the evidence for expressive voting is mixed. We do find that voters with socialist (left wing) preferences behave expressively, but we do not find this effect for voters with capitalist (right wing) preferences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-74
Number of pages21
JournalEuropean Journal of Political Economy
Volume50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2017
EventCESifo Venice Summer Institute Workshop on Political Economy Aspects of Income (Re-)Distribution - Venice, Italy
Duration: 20-Jul-201621-Jul-2016

Keywords

  • PARTICIPATION
  • ELECTIONS
  • VOTERS
  • BIAS

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