External validation of NTCP-models for radiation pneumonitis in lung cancer patients treated with chemoradiotherapy

Anne G H Niezink*, Arjen van der Schaaf, Robin Wijsman, Olga Chouvalova, Anthonie J van der Wekken, Steven R Rutgers, Remge M Pieterman, John W G van Putten, Sander M de Hosson, Annija H D van der Leest, Jan F Ubbels, Marleen Woltman-van Iersel, Joachim Widder, Johannes A Langendijk, Christina T Muijs

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) models can be used to estimate the risk of radiation pneumonitis (RP). The aim of this study was to externally validate the most frequently used prediction models for RP, i.e., the QUANTEC and APPELT models, in a large cohort of lung cancer patients treated with IMRT or VMAT. [1-2] METHODS AND MATERIALS: This prospective cohort study, included lung cancer patients treated between 2013 and 2018. A closed testing procedure was performed to test the need for model updating. To improve model performance, modification or removal of variables was considered. Performance measures included tests for goodness of fit, discrimination, and calibration.

RESULTS: In this cohort of 612 patients, the incidence of RP ≥ grade 2 was 14.5%. For the QUANTEC-model, recalibration was recommended which resulted in a revised intercept and adjusted regression coefficient (from 0.126 to 0.224) of the mean lung dose (MLD),. The APPELT-model needed revision including model updating with modification and elimination of variables. After revision, the New RP-model included the following predictors (and regression coefficients): MLD (B = 0.250), age (B = 0.049, and smoking status (B = 0.902). The discrimination of the updated APPELT-model was higher compared to the recalibrated QUANTEC-model (AUC: 0.79 vs. 0.73).

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that both the QUANTEC- and APPELT-model needed revision. Next to changes of the intercept and regression coefficients, the APPELT model improved further by model updating and performed better than the recalibrated QUANTEC model. This New RP-model is widely applicable containing non-tumour site specific variables, which can easily be collected.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109735
Number of pages8
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume186
Early online date14-Jun-2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept-2023

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