Arachidonic acid induced contractions of de-endothelized rat aortic rings. A more potent effect was obtained after intracellular administration of arachidonic acid using liposomes. Contractions induced by extracellular arachidonic acid were inhibited similarly to phenylephrine-induced contractions by the L-type Ca2+ channel blocker, methoxyverapamil (D600), and the calmodulin inhibitor, calmidazolium. In contrast, contractions induced by arachidonic acid-filled liposomes were not affected by these compounds. Indomethacin did not affect the contractions induced by either extra- or intracellular arachidonic acid, whereas nordihydroguaiaretic acid relaxed contractions induced by extracellular arachidonic acid but not those induced by arachidonic acid-filled liposomes. Apart from a relaxing effect on contractions induced by extracellular arachidonic acid or by phenylephrine, protein kinase C inhibition with 1-(5-isoquinolinesulphonyl-2-methylpiperazine (H7)) had an even more prominent relaxing effect on contractions induced by arachidonic acid-filled liposomes. Therefore, arachidonic acid exerts a contractile effect on rat aorta, and this effect is regulated differently depending on the site of application. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||European Journal of Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 15-May-1998|
- arachidonic acid
- smooth muscle