Extracellular Vesicles: Novel Opportunities to Understand and Detect Neoplastic Diseases

Laura Bongiovanni*, Anneloes Andriessen, Marca H. M. Wauben, Esther N. M. Nolte-'t Hoen, Alain de Bruin

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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    Abstract

    With a size range from 30 to 1000 nm, extracellular vesicles (EVs) are one of the smallest cell components able to transport biologically active molecules. They mediate intercellular communications and play a fundamental role in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis and pathogenesis in several types of diseases. In particular, EVs actively contribute to cancer initiation and progression, and there is emerging understanding of their role in creation of the metastatic niche. This fact underlies the recent exponential growth in EV research, which has improved our understanding of their specific roles in disease and their potential applications in diagnosis and therapy. EVs and their biomolecular cargo reflect the state of the diseased donor cells, and can be detected in body fluids and exploited as biomarkers in cancer and other diseases. Relatively few studies have been published on EVs in the veterinary field. This review provides an overview of the features and biology of EVs as well as recent developments in EV research including techniques for isolation and analysis, and will address the way in which the EVs released by diseased tissues can be studied and exploited in the field of veterinary pathology. Uniquely, this review emphasizes the important contribution that pathologists can make to the field of EV research: pathologists can help EV scientists in studying and confirming the role of EVs and their molecular cargo in diseased tissues and as biomarkers in liquid biopsies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)453-471
    Number of pages19
    JournalVeterinary pathology
    Volume58
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May-2021

    Keywords

    • biomarker
    • cancer
    • exosomes
    • extracellular vesicles
    • microvesicles pathogenesis
    • pathology
    • CELL-DERIVED EXOSOMES
    • MICROPARTICLES INDUCE ANGIOGENESIS
    • METASTATIC NICHE FORMATION
    • TO-MESENCHYMAL TRANSITION
    • CIRCULATING EXOSOMES
    • STEM-CELLS
    • CANCER EXOSOMES
    • TISSUE FACTOR
    • PLATELET MICROPARTICLES
    • EXPRESSION PROFILES

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