Factors affecting complete and timely childhood immunization coverage in Sindh, Pakistan; A secondary analysis of cross- sectional survey data

Jin-Won Noh, Young-Mi Kim, Nabeel Akram, Ki-Bong Yoo, Jumin Park, Jooyoung Cheon, Young Dae Kwon*, Jelle Stekelenburg

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Background

    Pakistan has a high burden of newborn mortality, which would be significantly preventable through appropriate routine immunization. The purpose of this study was to measure the basic timely childhood immunization coverage and to identify determinants of factors influencing childhood immunization coverage in Sindh, Pakistan.

    Methods

    Data from Maternal and Child Health Program Indicator Survey 2013-2014 which was conducted in Sindh province of Pakistan was used. Outcome measure was full coverage of the basic immunization schedule from child's vaccination card. The association of receiving basic immunization with demographic factors, socioeconomic status, mother and child health information sources, and perinatal care factors were tested by binary logistic regression.

    Results

    Among 2,253 children, 1,156 (51.3%) received age-based full basic immunization. The basic immunization rates were 69.1% for under five weeks old, 38.3% for six to nine weeks, 18.8% for 10-13 weeks, 44.0% for 14 weeks-eight months, 60.4% for nine to 11 months, and 59.1% for over one year. Child's age, number of living children, parents' education level, wealth, the source of mother and child health information, number of antenatal care, and assistance during delivery were associated with completing basic immunization.

    Conclusions

    The overall full basic immunization coverage in Pakistan was still low. Policy makers should identify children at risk of low immunization coverage and obstacles of receiving antenatal care, implement educational interventions targeting on less educated parents, and conduct mass immunization campaigns for timely and complete immunization.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number0206766
    Number of pages15
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Volume13
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 31-Oct-2018

    Keywords

    • AGED 12-23 MONTHS
    • VACCINATION COVERAGE
    • CHILDREN
    • DETERMINANTS
    • KNOWLEDGE
    • COUNTRIES
    • PARENTS
    • TIMELINESS
    • ACCEPTANCE
    • DISTRICT

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