Electronic conduction along individual domain walls (DWs) is reported in BiFeO3 (BFO) and other nominally insulating ferroelectrics. DWs in these materials separate regions of differently oriented electrical polarization (domains) and are just a few atoms wide, providing self-assembled nanometric conduction paths. Herein, it is shown that electronic transport is possible also from wall-to-wall through the dense network of as-grown DWs in BFO thin films. Electric field cycling at different points of the network, performed locally by conducting atomic force microscopy (cAFM), induces resistive switching selectively at the DWs, both for vertical (single wall) and lateral (wall-to-wall) conduction. These findings are the first step toward investigating DWs as memristive networks for information processing and in-materio computing.
- conducting atomic force microscopy
- domain walls
- ferroelastic domains
- ferroelectric thin films
- memristive networks