First imaging results from Apertif, a phased-array feed for WSRT

Elizabeth A. Adams, Björn Adebahr, Willem J. G. de Blok, Kelley M. Hess, Boudewijn Hut, Danielle M. Lucero, Filippo Maccagni, Raffaella Morganti, Tom Oosterloo, Lister Staveley-Smith, Thijs van der Hulst, Marc Verheijen, Joris Verstappen

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractAcademic


Apertif is a phased-array feed for the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT), increasing the field of view of the telescope by a factor of twenty-five. In 2017, three legacy surveys will commence: a shallow imaging survey, a medium-deep imaging survey, and a pulsars and fast transients survey. The medium-deep imaging survey will include coverage of the northern Herschel Atlas field, the CVn region, HetDex, and the Perseus-Pisces supercluster. The shallow imaging survey increases overlap with HetDex, has expanded coverage of the Perseus-Pisces supercluster, and includes part of the Zone of Avoidance. Both imaging surveys are coordinating with MaNGA and will have WEAVE follow-up. The imaging surveys will be done in full polarization over the frequency range 1130-1430 MHz, which corresponds to redshifts of z=0-0.256 for neutral hydrogen (HI). The spectral resolution is 12.2 kHz, or an HI velocity resolution of 2.6 km/s at z=0 and 3.2 km/s at z=0.256. The full resolution images will have a beam size of 15"x15"/sin(declination), and tapered data products (i.e., 30" resolution images) will also be available. The shallow survey will cover ~3500 square degrees with a four-sigma HI imaging sensitivity of 2.5x10^20 atoms cm^-2 (20 km/s linewidth) at the highest resolution and a continuum sensitivity of 15 uJy/beam (11 uJy/beam for polarization data). The current plan calls for the medium deep survey to cover 450 square degrees and provide an HI imaging sensitivity of 1.0x10^20 atoms cm^-2 at the highest resolution and a continuum sensitivity of 6 uJy/beam, close to the confusion limit (4 uJy/beam for polarization data, not confusion limited). Up-to-date information on Apertif and the planned surveys can be found at: of the Apertif instrument is currently underway. Here we present first results from the image commissioning, including the detection of HI absorption plus continuum and HI imaging. These results highlight the data quality that will be achieved for the surveys.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Astronomical Society Meeting
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-2017
Event229th AAS MEETING - Gaylord Texan Resort & Convention Center, Grapevine, United States
Duration: 3-Jan-20177-Jan-2018

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