First language exposure predicts attrition patterns in Turkish heritage speakers’ use of grammatical evidentiality

Seçkin Arslan, Roelien Bastiaanse

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    This chapter reports on a preliminary study examining the production of grammatical evidentiality forms in narrative speech samples elicited from heritage language speakers (HLS) of Turkish. Turkish grammatically marks direct and indirect sources of evidence one has for their statement. We explored (1) how Turkish HLS use evidentiality marking as compared to monolingual Turkish speakers, and (2) which factors predict their performances in producing evidentiality. Our findings showed that the HLS made a large number of contextually inappropriate substitutions by using direct evidentials in places where an indirect evidential would be used, and that this pattern is largely predicted by the amount of self-reported exposure to the first (heritage) language in daily life.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationStudies in Turkish as a Heritage Language
    EditorsFatih Bayram
    PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishers
    Number of pages22
    ISBN (Electronic)9789027260505
    Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Publication series

    NameStudies in Bilingualism
    ISSN (Print)0928-1533


    • Evidentiality
    • Heritage language speakers
    • Narrative speech
    • Turkish-Dutch bilingualism

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