First Steps Toward Positive Behavior Support in the Netherlands: A Pilot Study Exploring the Effectiveness of a Training for Staff

Marian Klaver*, Annelies de Bildt, Eke Bruinsma, Gerda de Kuijper, Pieter J. Hoekstra, Barbara van den Hoofdakker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Despite the effectiveness of positive behavior support (PBS) in reducing challenging behaviors, the availability of PBS for individuals with intellectual disabilities is limited in many countries including the Netherlands. Training care staff supporting individuals with intellectual disabilities in PBS may be a way to improve the provision of PBS. We aimed to explore the preliminary effectiveness of a PBS training for staff in reducing challenging behaviors of individuals with intellectual disabilities. Using a one group, double pretest-posttest design, 24 staff members involved in the care of 11 adult individuals with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviors participated. We assessed changes in challenging behaviors and quality of life of the individuals, in staff self-efficacy in dealing with challenging behaviors, and in the use of restraints, using staff rated questionnaires, structured interviews, and medical files. At posttest, we found significant reductions in challenging behaviors, improved quality of life, and increased staff self-efficacy, but no changes in the use of restraints. In contrast, no significant changes on any of the measures appeared between the two pretests. These findings suggest that a staff training in PBS may be effective for reducing challenging behaviors in individuals with intellectual disabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-194
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14-Feb-2020

Keywords

  • challenging behaviors
  • intellectual disabilities
  • positive behavior support
  • quality of life
  • staff training
  • CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
  • INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES
  • SELF-EFFICACY
  • CARE STAFF
  • PEOPLE
  • STATEWIDE
  • OUTCOMES
  • INTERVENTIONS
  • ATTRIBUTIONS
  • PREDICTORS

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