Five-year follow-up of oral functioning and quality of life in patients with oral cancer with implant-retained mandibular overdentures

A. Korfage, P.J. Schoen, G.M. Raghoebar, J. Bouma, F.R. Burlage, J.L. Roodenburg, A. Vissink, H. Reintsema

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    Abstract

    Background. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) and oral functioning of patients with oral cancer up to 5 years after prosthodontic rehabilitation with mandibular implant-retained overdentures.

    Methods. Fifty patients who had received implants during ablative surgery were evaluated by standardized questionnaires before and after oncological and prosthetic treatment.

    Results. In 20 of 24 surviving patients, the dentures were functional after 5 years. In these survivors, oral function remained unchanged during this period. In the 6 patients with concurrent comorbidity, global health and QOL had deteriorated, while in the patients without comorbidity, global health and QOL were very high. Five-year survivors had a higher global health and better oral functioning at the 1-year evaluation than nonsurvivors.

    Conclusion. Oral function and denture satisfaction were high and did not change over time for survivors. Deterioration in overall global health and QOL was associated with concurrent comorbidity. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 33: 831-839, 2011

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)831-839
    Number of pages9
    JournalHead and Neck: Journal of the Sciences and Specialties of the Head and Neck
    Volume33
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun-2011

    Keywords

    • head and neck cancer
    • edentulous
    • dental implants
    • dental prosthesis
    • quality of life
    • REHABILITATION QUESTIONNAIRE LORQ
    • HYPERBARIC-OXYGEN THERAPY
    • CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY
    • NECK-CANCER
    • OROPHARYNGEAL CANCER
    • TREATMENT OUTCOMES
    • DENTAL IMPLANTS
    • CLINICAL-TRIAL
    • THE-LITERATURE
    • HEAD

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