Forms and Functions of Aggression in Adolescent Friendship Selection and Influence: A Longitudinal Social Network Analysis

Jelle J. Sijtsema*, Tiina Ojanen, Rene Veenstra, Siegwart Lindenberg, Patricia H. Hawley, Todd D. Little

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    97 Citations (Scopus)
    116 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Aggressive children are known to have friends. However, less is known about the impact of aggression on friendship development and how this can differ for overt and relational (i.e., the forms) and instrumental and reactive (i.e., the functions) aggression. This longitudinal study utilized the forms and functions perspective on aggression to assess social selection and influence in adolescents' (N = 337, 12-14 years) friendship networks. Instrumentally and relationally aggressive peers became mutual friends with similar peers. Influence effects were observed in all types of aggression except overt aggression, suggesting that instrumental, reactive, and relational aggression may be the most susceptible to social influence. The findings are discussed in terms of theoretical and methodological implications for the study of aggression and adolescent friendships.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)515-534
    Number of pages20
    JournalSocial Development
    Volume19
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug-2010

    Keywords

    • aggression
    • friendships
    • adolescence
    • social adjustment
    • REACTIVE AGGRESSION
    • RELATIONAL AGGRESSION
    • PROACTIVE AGGRESSION
    • PEER ACCEPTANCE
    • BEHAVIOR
    • ADJUSTMENT
    • BOYS
    • CHILDHOOD
    • QUALITY
    • GENDER

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