Background-Presence of left ventricular hypertrophy on an ECG (ECG-LVH) is widely assessed clinically and provides prognostic information in some settings. There is evidence for significant heritability of ECG-LVH. We conducted a large-scale gene-centric association analysis of 4 commonly measured indices of ECG-LVH.
Methods and Results-We calculated the Sokolow-Lyon index, Cornell product, 12-lead QRS voltage sum, and 12-lead QRS voltage product in 10 256 individuals from 3 population-based cohorts and typed their DNA using a customized gene array (the Illumina HumanCVD BeadChip 50K array), containing 49 094 genetic variants in approximate to 2100 genes of cardiovascular relevance. We followed-up promising associations in 11 777 additional individuals. We identified and replicated 4 loci associated with ECG-LVH indices: 3p22.2 (SCN5A, rs6797133, P=1.22X10(-7)) with Cornell product and 12q13.3 (PTGES3, rs2290893, P=3.74X10(-8)), 15q25.2 (NMB, rs2292462, P=3.23X10(-9)), and 15q26.3 (IGF1R, rs4966014, P=1.26X10(-7)) with the 12-lead QRS voltage sum. The odds ratio of being in the top decile for the 12-lead QRS voltage sum for those carrying 6 trait-raising alleles at the 12q13.3, 15q25.2, and 15q26.3 loci versus those carrying 0 to 1 alleles was 1.60 (95% CI: 1.20 to 2.29). Lead single-nucleotide polymorphisms at the 12q13.3 and 15q25.2 loci showed significant expression quantitative trait loci effects in monocytes.
Conclusions-These findings provide novel insights into the genetic determination of ECG-LVH. The findings could help to improve our understanding of the mechanisms determining this prognostically important trait. (Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2011;4:626-635.)
- left ventricular hypertrophy
- genetic variation
- association study
- GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION
- LINKAGE ANALYSIS
- COMMON VARIANTS