Frailty and restrictions in geriatric domains are associated with surgical complications but not with radiation-induced acute toxicity in head and neck cancer patients: A prospective study

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the association between frailty screening and geriatric assessment (GA) on short term adverse events in patients treated for head and neck cancer (HNC) for the first time in a prospective study.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Newly diagnosed HNC patients undergoing curative treatment were prospectively included in OncoLifeS, a data biobank. Prior to the start of treatment, frailty was assessed with a GA, Groningen Frailty Indicator (GFI) and Geriatric-8 (G8). The GA included comorbidity (Adult Comorbidity Evaluation - 27), nutritional status (Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool), functional status ((instrumental) Activities of Daily Living), mobility (Timed Up & Go), psychological (Geriatric Depression Scale 15) and cognitive (Mini Mental State Examination) measures. Clinically relevant postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo ≥ grade 2) and acute radiation-induced toxicity (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 ≥ grade 2) were defined as outcome measures. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed, yielding odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs).

RESULTS: Of the 369 included patients, 259 patients were eligible for analysis. Postoperative complications occurred in 41/148 (27.7%) patients and acute radiation-induced toxicity was present in 86/160 (53.7%) patients. Number of deficit domains of GA (OR = 1.71, 95%CI = 1.14-2.56), GFI (OR = 2.54, 95%CI = 1.02-6.31) and G8 (OR5.59, 95%CI = 2.14-14.60) were associated with postoperative complications, but not with radiation-induced toxicity.

CONCLUSION: Frailty and restrictions in geriatric domains were associated with postoperative complications, but not with radiation-induced acute toxicity in curatively treated HNC patients. The results of this prospective study further emphasizes the importance of geriatric evaluation, particularly before surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105329
Number of pages8
JournalOral Oncology
Volume118
Early online date7-Jun-2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2021

Keywords

  • Head and Neck Neoplasms
  • Geriatric Assessment
  • Frailty
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Radiotherapy
  • Logistic Models
  • Prospective studies
  • OLDER PATIENTS
  • OUTCOMES
  • COMORBIDITY
  • VALIDATION
  • INDEX
  • AGE

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