Frequency-place compression and expansion in cochlear implant listeners

D Baskent*, RV Shannon

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    46 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In multichannel cochlear implants, low frequency information is delivered to apical cochlear locations while high frequency information is delivered to more basal locations, mimicking the normal acoustic tonotopic organization of the auditory nerves. In clinical practice; little attention has been paid to the distribution of acoustic input across the electrodes of an individual patient that might vary in terms of spacing and absolute tonotopic location. In normal-hearing listeners, Baskent and Shannon (J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 113, 2003) simulated implant signal processing conditions in which the frequency range assigned to the array was systematically made wider or narrower than the simulated stimulation range in the cochlea, resulting in frequency-place compression or expansion, respectively. In general, the best speech recognition was obtained when the input acoustic information was delivered to the matching tonotopic place in the cochlea with least frequency-place distortion. The present study measured phoneme and sentence recognition scores with similar frequency-place manipulations in six Med-El Combi 40+ implant subjects. Stimulation locations were estimated using the Greenwood mapping function based on the estimated electrode insertion depth. Results from frequency-place compression and expansion with implants were similar to simulation, results, especially for postlingually deafened subjects, despite the uncertainty in the actual stimulation sites of the auditory nerves. The present study shows that frequency-place mapping is an important factor in implant performance and an individual implant patient's map could be optimized with functional tests using frequency-place manipulations. (C) 2004 Acoustical Society of America.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3130-3140
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
    Volume116
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov-2004

    Keywords

    • SPEECH RECOGNITION
    • INSERTION DEPTH
    • ENVELOPE CUES
    • HEARING
    • NOISE
    • VOWELS

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