From replication to substantiation: A complexity theory perspective

Ali H. Al-Hoorie, Phil Hiver*, Diane Larsen-Freeman, Wander Lowie

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)
    65 Downloads (Pure)


    In contemporary methodological thinking, replication holds a central place. However, relatively little attention has been paid to replication in the context of complex dynamic systems theory (CDST), perhaps due to uncertainty regarding the epistemology-methodology match between these domains. In this paper, we explore the place of replication in relation to open systems and argue that three conditions must be in place for replication research to be effective: results interpretability, theoretical maturity, and terminological precision. We consider whether these conditions are part of the applied linguistics body of work, and then propose a more comprehensive framework centering on what we call substantiation research, only one aspect of which is replication. Using this framework, we discuss three approaches to dealing with replication from a CDST perspective theory. These approaches are moving from a representing to an intervening mindset, from a comprehensive theory to a mini-theory mindset, and from individual findings to a cumulative mindset.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)276-291
    Number of pages16
    JournalLanguage Teaching
    Issue number2
    Early online date23-Nov-2021
    Publication statusPublished - Apr-2023


    Dive into the research topics of 'From replication to substantiation: A complexity theory perspective'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this