Functional and structural characterization of an ECF-type ABC transporter for vitamin B12

Joana Abreu Luís da Silva Santos Guimarães, Stephan Rempel, Sandra Tecla Ma Mous, Cristiane Tambascia Pereira, Josy ter Beek, Jan-Willem de Gier, Albert Guskov, Dirk Slotboom

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Abstract

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is the most complex B-type vitamin and is synthetized exclusively in a limited number of prokaryotes. Its biologically active variants contain rare organometallic bonds, which are used by enzymes in a variety of central metabolic pathways such as L-methionine synthesis and ribonucleotide reduction. Although its biosynthesis and role as co-factor are well understood, knowledge about uptake of cobalamin by prokaryotic auxotrophs is scarce. Here, we characterize a cobalamin-specific ECF-type ABC transporter from Lactobacillus delbrueckii, ECF-CbrT, and demonstrate that it mediates the specific, ATP-dependent uptake of cobalamin. We solved the crystal structure of ECF-CbrT in an apo conformation to 3.4 Å resolution. Comparison with the ECF transporter for folate (ECF-FolT2) from the same organism, reveals how the identical ECF module adjusts to interact with the different substrate binding proteins FolT2 and CbrT. ECF-CbrT is unrelated to the well-characterized B12 transporter BtuCDF, but their biochemical features indicate functional convergence.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere35828
Number of pages16
JournaleLife
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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