BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Airway smooth muscle (ASM) phenotype plasticity, characterized by reversible switching between contractile and proliferative phenotypes, is considered to contribute to increased ASM mass and airway hyper-responsiveness in asthma. Further, increased expression of collagen I has been observed within the ASM bundle of asthmatics. Previously, we showed that exposure of intact bovine tracheal smooth muscle (BTSM) to collagen I induces a switch from a contractile to a hypocontractile, proliferative phenotype. However, the functional relevance of this finding for intact human ASM has not been established.
EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We investigated the effects of exposure of human tracheal smooth muscle (HTSM) strips to monomeric collagen I and PDGF on contractile responses to methacholine and KCl. Expression of contractile proteins sm-α-actin and sm-MHC was assessed by Western blot analysis. The proliferation of HTSM cells was assessed by cell counting, measuring mitochondrial activity (Alamarblue conversion) and [(3) H]-thymidine incorporation. Proliferation of intact tissue slices was assessed by [(3) H]-thymidine incorporation.
KEY RESULTS: Culturing HTSM strips in the presence of collagen I or PDGF for 4 days reduced maximal contractile responses to methacholine or KCl and the expression of contractile proteins. Conversely, collagen I and PDGF increased proliferation of HTSM cells and proliferative responses in tissue slices. PDGF additively increased the proliferation of HTSM cells cultured on collagen I; this additive effect was not observed on contractility, contractile protein expression or proliferation of intact tissue.
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: These findings indicate that collagen I and PDGF induce a functionally hypocontractile, proliferative phenotype of human ASM, which may contribute to airway remodelling in asthma.
- Blotting, Western
- Cell Proliferation
- Cells, Cultured
- Collagen Type I
- Methacholine Chloride
- Myocytes, Smooth Muscle
- Myosin Heavy Chains
- Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
- Potassium Chloride