Functional outcome after one-stage flap reconstruction of the hypopharynx following tumor ablation

Talisa D van Brederode, Gyorgy B. Halmos, Martin W. Stenekes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The main objective of this study was to evaluate functional outcome in terms of food passage of the three different reconstruction techniques that are currently most often used for hypopharyngeal reconstruction in our institution. A retrospective observational database research was conducted of all patients that underwent hypopharyngeal reconstruction for carcinoma of the hypopharynx or larynx from 1992 until 2014 in the University Medical Center Groningen. The following techniques were most commonly used and therefore analyzed: the pedicled pectoralis major flap, the radial forearm free flap and the anterolateral thigh free flap. Our primary outcome food passage was measured after 1 year and classified in gastric tube fed, fluids, semisolid or solid. Complications were registered according to the Clavien Dindo classification in five different grades. Comorbidity was scored using the Adult Comorbidity Evaluation Index. 58 patients were included. 51 patients survived one year follow up, 25 % returned to a solid diet, 40 % returned to a semi-solid diet and 20 % remained feeding tube dependent. Overall flap success rate was 88 and 35 % developed a pharyngocutaneous fistula. Multivariable ordinal regression showed that reconstruction with free flaps, a near-circumferential surgical defect, a higher body mass index and no comorbidity showed significantly better functional outcomes in the food passage. For recipient site complications, both free flaps and a shorter surgery time resulted in less severe complications. This study shows that the use of free flaps is superior to the use of the pectoralis major flap, and that it should therefore be reserved as a second choice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-976
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume274
Issue number2
Early online date26-Aug-2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2017

Keywords

  • Reconstruction
  • Free flaps
  • Pectoralis major
  • Hypopharynx
  • Interposition flap
  • CLAVIEN-DINDO CLASSIFICATION
  • FREE TISSUE TRANSFER
  • TOTAL LARYNGECTOMY
  • SURGICAL COMPLICATIONS
  • CIRCUMFERENTIAL PHARYNGOLARYNGECTOMY
  • PHARYNGOCUTANEOUS FISTULA
  • NECK-SURGERY
  • HEAD
  • LARYNGOPHARYNGECTOMY
  • CARCINOMA

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