Introduction: As survival rates of colon cancer increase, knowledge about functional outcomes is becoming ever more important. The primary aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to quantify functional outcomes after surgery for colon cancer. Secondly, we aimed to determine the effect of time to follow-up and type of colectomy on postoperative functional outcomes. Materials and methods: A systematic literature search was performed to identify studies reporting bowel function following surgery for colon cancer. Outcome parameters were bowel function scores and/or prevalence of bowel symptoms. Additionally, the effect of time to follow-up and type of resection was analyzed. Results: In total 26 studies were included, describing bowel function between 3 to 178 months following right hemicolectomy (n = 4207), left hemicolectomy/sigmoid colon resection (n = 4211), and subtotal/total colectomy (n = 161). In 16 studies (61.5%) a bowel function score was used. Pooled prevalence for liquid and solid stool incontinence was 24.1% and 6.9%, respectively. The most prevalent constipation-associated symptoms were incomplete evacuation and obstructive, difficult emptying (33.3% and 31.4%, respectively). Major Low Anterior Resection Syndrome was present in 21.1%. No differences between time to follow-up or type of colectomy were found. Conclusion: Bowel function problems following surgery for colon cancer are common, show no improvement over time and do not depend on the type of colectomy. Apart from fecal incontinence, constipation-associated symptoms are also highly prevalent. Therefore, more attention should be paid to all possible aspects of bowel dysfunction following surgery for colon cancer and targeted treatment should commence promptly.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||European Journal of Surgical Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - May-2021|
- Bowel dysfunction
- Colon cancer