Functional status measurement in COPD: a review of available methods and their feasibility in primary care

Janwillem W. H. Kocks*, Guus M. Asijee, Ioanna G. Tsiligianni, Huib A. M. Kerstjens, Thys van der Molen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Guidelines advocate that improvement in functional status should be a major goal in COPD treatment. Many tools are available to assess aspects of functional status. This review aims to categorise systematically the available tools based on their construct (i.e. what the tool intends to measure) and to rate the tools for use in the primary care setting.

Methods: PubMed was searched with the keywords 'functional status' or 'physical capacity' or 'functional capacity' and 'COPD'. All tools were categorised and rated on their measurement properties, feasibility, and usage in primary care COPD patients. The tools were divided into four constructs functional capacity, functional performance, functional reserve, and capacity utilisation and used the following modes of measurement: laboratory tests; semi-laboratory tests; field tests; and patient-reported outcomes.

Results: The PubMed search resulted in 364 articles. Thirty-two tools were identified and rated.

Conclusions: In primary care, the 6-minute walking distance test is the most reliable semi-laboratory functional capacity test, but is not very practical. The pedometer is the best functional performance field test. The Medical Research Council (MRC) dyspnoea questionnaire and the functional status domain of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) are the best patient-reported outcome tools to assess functional performance. (C) 2011 Primary Care Respiratory Society UK. All rights reserved. JWH Kocks, et al. Prim Care Respir J 2011; 20(3): 269-275 http://dx.doi.org/10.4104/pcrj.2011.00031

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-275
Number of pages7
JournalPrimary Care Respiratory Journal
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2011

Keywords

  • COPD
  • management
  • primary care
  • functional status
  • physical capacity
  • performance
  • measurement
  • tools
  • OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • DYSPNEA QUESTIONNAIRE PFSDQ
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • CLINICAL-PRACTICE
  • HEALTH-STATUS
  • WALK TEST
  • VALIDITY
  • REHABILITATION
  • PERFORMANCE

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