OBJECTIVE: Since Wnt signaling plays an important role in both tooth agenesis and altered intestine homeostasis, the aim was to compare gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with isolated oligodontia caused by a Wnt pathway gene mutation and controls.
METHODS: A case-control study was designed to compare self-reported gastrointestinal symptoms among patients with isolated oligodontia, caused by a Wnt signaling gene mutation, and fully dentate controls. The Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) was used to assess gastrointestinal symptoms. Prevalence and severity of gastrointestinal symptoms among patients and age- and gender-matched controls was evaluated.
RESULTS: Twenty patients with isolated oligodontia and a pathogenic variant in the wnt pathway genes WNT10A, LRP6 or PAX9 participated. The prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms was higher in the oligodontia patients compared to their controls (Χ2 (1) = 87.33, p = .008). Mean GSRS total scores (p = .011) and domain scores for 'abdominal pain' (p = .022), 'reflux' (p = .003) and constipation (p = .030) were higher for these oligodontia patients compared to their controls.
CONCLUSION: Gastrointestinal symptoms are more prevalent and more severe in patients with isolated oligodontia and a deficiency in a Wnt pathway related gene, when compared to controls without tooth agenesis.