Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: current knowledge and unmet needs

Sarah H. Koning*, Klaas Hoogenberg, Helen L. Lutgers, Paul P. Van den Berg, Bruce H. R. Wolffenbuttel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
1947 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a global health concern, not only because its prevalence is high and on the increase, but also because of the potential implications for the health of mothers and their offspring. Unfortunately, there is considerable controversy in the literature surrounding the diagnosis and treatment of GDM, as well as the possible long-term consequences for the offspring. As a result, worldwide there is a lack of uniformly accepted diagnostic criteria and the advice regarding the treatment of GDM, including diet, insulin therapy, and the use of oral blood glucose-lowering agents, is highly variable. In this review we provide an overview of the important issues in the field of GDM, including diagnostic criteria, different treatment regimens available, and the long-term consequences of GDM in the offspring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)770-781
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of diabetes
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2016

Keywords

  • diagnosis
  • diet
  • gestational diabetes mellitus
  • insulin
  • oral blood glucose-lowering agents
  • POLYCYSTIC-OVARY-SYNDROME
  • LOW-CARBOHYDRATE-DIET
  • IMPAIRED GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE
  • REGULAR HUMAN INSULIN
  • PREGNANCY OUTCOMES
  • FOLLOW-UP
  • INCREASING PREVALENCE
  • DIAGNOSTIC-CRITERIA
  • GLYCEMIC CONTROL
  • CHILDHOOD OBESITY

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