In this note we identify a class of underactuated mechanical systems whose desired constant equilibrium position can be globally stabilised with the ubiquitous PID controller. The class is characterised via some easily verifiable conditions on the systems inertia matrix and potential energy function, which are satisfied by many benchmark examples. The design proceeds in two main steps, first, the definition of two new passive outputs whose weighted sum defines the signal around which the PID is added. Second, the observation that it is possible to construct a Lyapunov function for the desired equilibrium via a suitable choice of the aforementioned weights and the PID gains. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Mechanical systems
- Nonlinear systems