GPU-accelerated simulations of quantum annealing and the quantum approximate optimization algorithm

Dennis Willsch*, Madita Willsch, Fengping Jin, Kristel Michielsen, Hans De Raedt

*Corresponding author for this work

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3 Citations (Scopus)
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We study large-scale applications using a GPU-accelerated version of the massively parallel Jülich universal quantum computer simulator (JUQCS–G). First, we benchmark JUWELS Booster, a GPU cluster with 3744 NVIDIA A100 Tensor Core GPUs. Then, we use JUQCS–G to study the relation between quantum annealing (QA) and the quantum approximate optimization algorithm (QAOA). We find that a very coarsely discretized version of QA, termed approximate quantum annealing (AQA), performs surprisingly well in comparison to the QAOA. It can either be used to initialize the QAOA, or to avoid the costly optimization procedure altogether. Furthermore, we study the scaling of the success probability when using AQA for problems with 30 to 40 qubits. We find that the case with the largest discretization error scales most favorably, surpassing the best result obtained from the QAOA.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108411
Number of pages13
JournalComputer Physics Communications
Publication statusPublished - 1-Sept-2022

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