Graft Fibrosis After Pediatric Liver Transplantation: Ten Years of Follow-up

Rene Scheenstra*, Paul M. G. J. Peeters, Henkjan J. Verkade, Annette S. H. Gouw

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Previously we reported the presence of portal fibrosis in 31% (n = 84) of the grafts in protocol biopsies I year after pediatric liver transplantation (LTx). To assess the natural history of graft fibrosis after pediatric liver transplantation, we extended the analysis of graft histology in follow-up protocol biopsy specimens obtained 5 and 10 years after transplantation. We correlated histological results with clinical parameters at the time of LTx and during follow-up, to allow identification of risk factors for the development of fibrosis. From 1 year to 5 years after LTx, the prevalence of fibrosis increased from 31% to 65% (n = 66) but remained stable thereafter (at 10 years, 69%, n = 55). At 10 years after LTx, however, the percentage of patients with severe fibrosis had increased from 10% (at 5 years) to 29%. Of the 69% of children without fibrosis at 1 year post-transplantation, 64% (n = 39) had developed some degree of fibrosis at 10 years. Fibrosis was strongly related to transplant-related factors such as prolonged cold ischemia time, young age at the time of transplantation, high donor/recipient age ratio, and the use of partial grafts (P <0.05). Fibrosis was not significantly related to rejection, chronic hepatitis, or the nature of the immunosuppressive therapy. Conclusion: Biopsies after pediatric LTx show that most grafts developed fibrosis within 5 years. At 10 years after LTx, the graft fibrosis had progressed to severe fibrosis in at least 25% of the patients. Development of fibrosis, starting either before or after the first year post-LTx, was strongly related to transplant-related factors, indicating the importance of these factors to long-term graft prognosis. (HEPATOLOGY 2009;49:880-886.)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)880-886
Number of pages7
JournalHepatology
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2009

Keywords

  • RECIPIENTS

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