Gravitational lensing statistics with extragalactic surveys; 3, Joint constraints on $lambda_{0}$ and $Omega_{0}$ from lensing statistics and the m-z relation for type Ia supernovae

P. Helbig

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Abstract

Published in: Astron. Astrophys. 350 (1999) 1-8 citations recorded in [Science Citation Index] Abstract: I present constraints on cosmological parameters in the lambda_0-Omega_0 plane from a joint analysis of gravitational lensing statistics (astro-ph/9904175) and the magnitude-redshift relation for Type Ia supernovae (astro-ph/9812133 and astro-ph/9805201). I discuss reasons why this particular combination of tests is important and how the constraints can be improved in the future. The lensing statistics and supernova results are not inconsistent, thus it is meaningful to determine joint constraints on lambda_0 and Omega_0 by combining the results from both tests. The quantity measured by the lens statistics and the m-z relation for type Ia supernovae discussed here is approximately lambda_0 - Omega_0. At 95% confidence, the upper limit on lambda_0 - Omega_0 from lensing statistics alone is 0.45 and from supernovae alone is in the range 0.65--0.81 (depending on the data set). For joint constraints, the upper limit on lambda_0 - Omega_0 is in the range 0.55--0.60 (again depending on the data set). For a flat universe with lambda_0 + Omega_0 = 1, this corresponds to upper limits on lambda_0, taking the top of the range from different data sets, of 0.72, 0.90 and 0.80 for lensing statistics alone, supernovae alone and the joint analysis, respectively. This is perfectly consistent with the current `standard cosmological model' with lambda_0 approximately 0.7 and Omega_0 approximately 0.3 and is consistent with a flat universe but, neglecting other cosmological tests, does not require it.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series
Volume136
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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