Grey matter alterations in patients with depersonalization disorder: a voxel-based morphometry study

Judith K Daniels, Michael Gaebler, Jan-Peter Lamke, Henrik Walter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, no whole brain investigation of morphological aberrations in dissociative disorder is available to date. Previous region-of-interest studies focused exclusively on amygdalar, hippocampal and parahippocampal grey matter volumes and did not include patients with depersonalization disorder (DPD). We therefore carried out an explorative whole brain study on structural brain aberrations in patients with DPD.

METHODS: We acquired whole brain, structural MRI data for patients with DPD and healthy controls. Voxel-based morphometry was carried out to test for group differences, and correlations with symptom severity scores were computed for grey matter volume.

RESULTS: Our study included 25 patients with DPD and 23 controls. Patients exhibited volume reductions in the right caudate, right thalamus and right cuneus as well as volume increases in the left dorsomedial prefrontal cortex and right somatosensory region that are not a direct function of anxiety or depression symptoms.

LIMITATIONS: To ensure ecological validity, we included patients with comorbid disorders and patients taking psychotropic medication.

CONCLUSION: The results of this first whole brain investigation of grey matter volume in patients with a dissociative disorder identified structural alterations in regions subserving the emergence of conscious perception. It remains unknown if these alterations are best understood as risk factors for or results of the disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of psychiatry & neuroscience
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Adult
  • Brain
  • Depersonalization
  • Female
  • Gray Matter
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Organ Size

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