H-Pro-[3H]Leu-Gly-NH2: plasma profile and brain uptake following subcutaneous injection in the rat

J Verhoef, A. Prins, H D Veldhuis, A Witter

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    Abstract

    Following subcutaneous injection of the tripeptide H-Pro-[3H]Leu-Gly-NH2 ([3H]PLG) in rats, the profile of intact peptide and its radioactively labeled metabolites was examined both in plasma and in brain tissue. [3H]PLG and metabolites were determined in trichloroacetic acid extracts by reverse-phase paired-ion HPLC. Maximal plasma levels of unmetabolized PLG were reached 6-8 min after administration, after which they decreased with an elimination half-life of 20 min. The uptake of [3H]PLG in the brain ranged from 0.0013% to 0.0017% of the administered dose per g tissue at 6-30 min following subcutaneous injection. After comparing these results with our previous findings with intravenous injection of [3H]PLG, it seemed likely that the subcutaneous route of administration might be more effective in eliciting CNS effects of PLG than the intravenous route of administration. The metabolite profiles in plasma and brain point to an initial cleavage of PLG at the NH2-terminal side and a very rapid degradation of the peptide intermediate H-Leu-Gly-NH2.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1135-8
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
    Volume38
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Apr-1982

    Keywords

    • Animals
    • Biological Transport
    • Brain
    • Injections, Subcutaneous
    • Kinetics
    • MSH Release-Inhibiting Hormone
    • Male
    • Rats

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