H2S-Enriched Flush out Does Not Increase Donor Organ Quality in a Porcine Kidney Perfusion Model

Hanno Maassen, Leonie H Venema, Marc G Weiss, Tobias M Huijink, H Sijbrand Hofker, Anna K Keller, Tom E Mollnes, Marco Eijken, Søren E Pischke, Bente Jespersen, Harry van Goor, Henri G D Leuvenink*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Kidney extraction time has a detrimental effect on post-transplantation outcome. This study aims to improve the flush-out and potentially decrease ischemic injury by the addition of hydrogen sulphide (H 2S) to the flush medium. Porcine kidneys ( n = 22) were extracted during organ recovery surgery. Pigs underwent brain death induction or a Sham operation, resulting in four groups: donation after brain death (DBD) control, DBD H 2S, non-DBD control, and non-DBD H 2S. Directly after the abdominal flush, kidneys were extracted and flushed with or without H 2S and stored for 13 h via static cold storage (SCS) +/- H 2S before reperfusion on normothermic machine perfusion. Pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1b and IL-8 were significantly lower in H 2S treated DBD kidneys during NMP ( p = 0.03). The non-DBD kidneys show superiority in renal function (creatinine clearance and FENa) compared to the DBD control group ( p = 0.03 and p = 0.004). No differences were seen in perfusion parameters, injury markers and histological appearance. We found an overall trend of better renal function in the non-DBD kidneys compared to the DBD kidneys. The addition of H 2S during the flush out and SCS resulted in a reduction in pro-inflammatory cytokines without affecting renal function or injury markers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number749
Number of pages15
JournalAntioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 19-Mar-2023

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