Habitat preference of geese is affected by livestock grazing: Seasonal variation in an experimental field evaluation

Freek S. Mandema*, Joost M. Tinbergen, Julia Stahl, Peter Esselink, Jan P. Bakker

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    The number of staging geese in northwestern Europe has increased dramatically. Growing goose numbers put strong grazing pressure on agricultural pastures. Damage to agricultural land may be mitigated by managing nature reserves in order to optimally accommodate large numbers of grazing geese. Livestock grazing has been shown to facilitate foraging geese; we take the novel approach of determining the effects of four different livestock grazing treatments in a replicated experiment on the distribution of geese. We present experimental field evidence that livestock grazing of a salt marsh in summer affects the habitat preference of foraging geese during autumn and spring staging. In an experimental field set-up with four different livestock grazing treatments we assessed goose visitation through dropping counts, in both autumn and spring. Grazing treatments included 0.5 or 1 horse ha(-1) and 0.5 or 1 cattle ha(-1) during the summer season. The livestock grazing regime affected goose distribution in autumn, just after livestock had been removed from the salt marsh. In autumn, goose visitation was highest in the 1 head ha(-1) grazing treatments, where grazing intensity by livestock was also highest. In line with this result, goose visitation was lowest in the 0.5 head ha(-1) livestock grazing treatments, where the grazing intensity by livestock was lowest. The differences in goose visitation among the experimental treatments in autumn could not be explained by the canopy height. In spring we did not find any effect of livestock grazing treatment on goose visitation. Differences in the distribution of geese over the experiment between autumn and spring may be explained by changes in the availability of nutrient-rich vegetation. Livestock summer grazing with a high stocking density, especially with horses, can be used to attract geese to salt marshes in autumn and potentially reduces damage caused by geese to inland farmland. From a nature conservation interest point of view, however, variation in structure of the vegetation is a prerequisite for other groups of organisms. Hence, we recommend grazing of salt marshes with densities of 0.5 head ha(-1) of livestock when goose conservation is not the only management issue.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)67-72
    Number of pages6
    JournalWildlife biology
    Volume20
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr-2014

    Keywords

    • WHITE-FRONTED GEESE
    • SEA-LEVEL RISE
    • BRENT GEESE
    • SALT-MARSHES
    • BRANTA-BERNICLA
    • BARNACLE GEESE
    • BREEDING WADERS
    • FOOD QUALITY
    • BROWN HARES
    • WILD GEESE

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