Hard photons and neutral pions as probes of hot and dense nuclear matter

Y Schutz*, G Martinez, FM Marques, A Marin, T Matulewicz, R.W. Ostendorf, P Bozek, H Delagrange, J Diaz, M Franke, KK Gudima, S Hlavac, R Holzmann, P Lautridou, F Lefevre, H. Löhner, W Mittig, M Ploszajczak, J.H.G. van Pol, J QuebertP RousselChomaz, A Schubert, R.H. Siemssen, RS Simon, Z Sujkowski, VD Toneev, [No Value] Wagner, H.W. Wilschut, G Wolf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dynamics of heavy-ion collisions is studied in an energy domain in the vicinity of the Fermi energy, The early history of the collision is analyzed from the theoretical and experimental point of view in which the message conveyed by bremsstrahlung photons and neutral pions is exploited, The Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck model and the Dubna Cascade Model, both based on similar principles but each adopting different computation technics, are briefly described and their respective predictions are discussed, In particular the emission pattern of bremsstrahlung photons is discussed. The photon production has been measured in the systems Kr-86+Ni-58 at 60A MeV, Ta-181+Au-197 at 40A MeV and Pb-208+Au-197 at 30A MeV and energy spectra, angular distributions and two-photon correlations have been analyzed. We find that bremsstrahlung photons are emitted from two distinct sources that can be correlated with nuclear-matter density oscillations. The properties of photon emission are discussed in terms of collective properties of nuclear matter. The high energy tail of the photon spectrum is interpreted by pi(0) and Delta decay but predominantly by radiative capture of pions, The pi(0) absorption in the nuclear medium is further analyzed by examining their emission pattern. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-477
Number of pages74
JournalNuclear Physics A
Volume622
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Sep-1997

Keywords

  • heavy-ion
  • meson
  • subthreshold
  • equation-of-state
  • interferometry
  • HEAVY-ION COLLISIONS
  • IMPACT PARAMETER DEPENDENCE
  • GAMMA-RAY PRODUCTION
  • INTERMEDIATE ENERGIES
  • INTENSITY INTERFEROMETRY
  • DILEPTON PRODUCTION
  • MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS
  • TRANSPORT MODEL
  • BREMSSTRAHLUNG
  • PARTICLES

Cite this