Harnessing Defect-Tolerance at the Nanoscale: Highly Luminescent Lead Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals in Mesoporous Silica Matrixes

Dmitry N. Dirin, Loredana Protesescu, David Trummer, Ilia V. Kochetygov, Sergii Yakunin, Frank Krumeich, Nicholas P. Stadie, Maksym V. Kovalenko*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

267 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Colloidal lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) have recently emerged as a novel class of bright emitters with pure colors spanning the entire visible spectral range. Contrary to conventional quantum dots, such as CdSe and InP NCs, perovskite NCs feature unusual, defect-tolerant photophysics. Specifically, surface dangling bonds and intrinsic point defects such as vacancies do not form midgap states, known to trap carriers and thereby quench photoluminescence (PL). Accordingly, perovskite NCs need not be electronically surface-passivated (with, for instance, ligands and wider gap materials) and do not noticeably suffer from photo-oxidation. Novel opportunities for their preparation therefore can be envisaged. Herein, we show that the infiltration of perovskite precursor solutions into the pores of mesoporous silica, followed by drying, leads to the template-assisted formation of perovskite NCs. The most striking outcome of this simple methodology is very bright PL with quantum efficiencies exceeding 50%. This facile strategy can be applied to a large variety of perovskite compounds, hybrid and fully inorganic, with the general formula APbX(3), where A is cesium (Cs), methylammonium (MA), or formamidinium (FA), and Xis Cl, Br, I or a mixture thereof. The luminescent properties of the resulting templated NCs can be tuned by both quantum size effects as well as composition. Also exhibiting intrinsic haze due to scattering within the composite, such materials may find applications as replacements for conventional phosphors in liquid-crystal television display technologies and in related luminescence down-conversion-based devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5866-5874
Number of pages9
JournalNano Letters
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • perovskites
  • lead halides
  • defects
  • mesoporous
  • luminescence
  • nanocrystals
  • LIGHT-EMITTING-DIODES
  • ANION-EXCHANGE REACTIONS
  • SOLAR-ENERGY CONVERSION
  • SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION
  • QUANTUM DOTS
  • ROOM-TEMPERATURE
  • COLLOIDAL NANOCRYSTALS
  • ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURE
  • OPTICAL-PROPERTIES
  • CSPBX3

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