Headache associated with cough: a review

Ann Cordenier, Willem De Hertogh, Jacques De Keyser, Jan Versijpt*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    23 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Headache only triggered by coughing is a rather uncommon condition. The aim of the present review is to present an overview of the diagnosis, clinical characteristics, pathophysiology and treatment of both primary and symptomatic cough headache and discuss other relevant headache disorders affected by coughing. The diagnosis of primary cough headache is made when headache is brought on and occurs only in association with coughing, straining or a Valsalva manoeuvre and in the absence of any abnormalities on neuro-imaging. In case an underlying pathology is identified as a cause of the headache, the diagnosis of symptomatic cough headache is made. The vast majority of these patients present with a Chiari malformation type I. Other frequently reported causes include miscellaneous posterior fossa pathology, carotid or vertebrobasilar disease and cerebral aneurysms. Consequently, diagnostic neuroimaging is key in the diagnosis of cough-related headache and guides treatment. Besides primary and symptomatic cough headache, several other both primary and secondary headache disorders exist where coughing acts as a trigger or aggravator of headache symptomatology.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number42
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of headache and pain
    Volume14
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Keywords

    • Cough
    • Headache
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
    • VALSALVA-INDUCED CLUSTER
    • TENSION-TYPE HEADACHE
    • INTRACRANIAL HYPOTENSION
    • I MALFORMATION
    • BENIGN
    • PRESSURE
    • INDOMETHACIN
    • MIGRAINE
    • MRI

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