Health care professionals' knowledge and attitudes of drug benefits and risks in africa

    Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractAcademic


    Background: Inappropriate drug use is a major global challenge. In Africa, it may be even more widespread for a number of reasons, especially limited resources. Drugs may be prescribed by health care professionals (HCPs) who have received little training on drug benefits, but especially risks. Objectives: Review knowledge and attitudes of HCPs on drug benefits and risks in Africa. Methods: We performed a systematic review in selecting original studies that evaluated knowledge and attitudes of HCPs on modern or traditional medicines (drugs) in Africa following PRISMA guidelines. Results: We identified 71 papers studying HCP drug knowledge; most (68%) originated from 3 countries; i.e. Nigeria (29), South Africa (11) and Tanzania (8). Methods used were quantitative surveys in 45 papers; face-to-face interviews in 15, focus group discussions in 4 and mixed designs in 7. Physicians were studied in 24 (34%) papers, while 32 (42%) involved ≥2 types of HCPs. 32 (45%) papers were on communicable diseases (CD), 14 (20%) on non-communicable diseases (NCD) and 25 (35%) had no specific disease focus. A median of 120 (min 12; max 1440) HCPs were enrolled per study. Knowledge questions were answered correctly by >66% of HCPs in 15 (21%) papers, between 33 and 66% in 39 (55%) papers and by
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)230-231
    Number of pages2
    JournalPharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
    Publication statusPublished - 1-Oct-2014
    Event the 30th International Conference on Pharmacoepidemiology and Therapeutic Risk Management, October 24–27, 2014, Taipei, Taiwan - Taipei, Taiwan
    Duration: 24-Oct-201427-Oct-2014


    • health care personnel
    • human
    • risk
    • Africa
    • pharmacoepidemiology
    • risk management
    • information processing
    • interview
    • Tanzania
    • Nigeria
    • systematic review
    • communicable disease
    • physician
    • traditional medicine
    • non communicable disease
    • drug use
    • South Africa

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