Health-Economic Analyses of Diagnostics: Guidance on Design and Reporting

Simon van der Pol*, Paula Rojas Garcia, Fernando Antonanzas, Maarten J Postma, Antoinette D I van Asselt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) can be used to assess the value of diagnostics in clinical practice. Due to the introduction of the European in vitro diagnostic and medical devices regulations, more clinical data on new diagnostics may become available, which may improve the interest and feasibility of performing CEAs. We present eight recommendations on the reporting and design of CEAs of diagnostics. The symptoms patients experience, the clinical setting, locations of test sampling and analysis, and diagnostic algorithms should be clearly reported. The used time horizon should reflect the time horizon used to model the treatment after the diagnostic pathway. Quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) or disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) should be used as the clinical outcomes but may be combined with other relevant outcomes, such as real options value. If the number of tests using the same equipment can vary, the economy of scale should be considered. An understandable graphical representation of the various diagnostic algorithms should be provided to understand the results, such as an efficiency frontier. Finally, the budget impact and affordability should be considered. These recommendations can be used in addition to other, more general, recommendations, such as the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) or the reference case for economic evaluation by the international decision support initiative.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1355-1363
Number of pages9
JournalPharmacoeconomics
Volume39
Issue number12
Early online date1-Nov-2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2021

Keywords

  • COMPANION DIAGNOSTICS
  • COST-EFFECTIVENESS
  • CARE
  • TUBERCULOSIS
  • PATIENT
  • TESTS

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