Healthy and preeclamptic pregnancies show differences in Guanylate-Binding Protein-1 plasma levels

Joost H N Schuitemaker*, Rik H J Beernink, Thomas I F H Cremers, Sicco A Scherjon, Maria G Van Pampus, Marijke M Faas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
63 Downloads (Pure)


The large interferon-inducible anti-angiogenic pro-inflammatory GTPase Guanylate Binding Protein-1 (GBP-1) is produced and secreted by activated endothelial cells and is highly induced by inflammatory cytokines and inhibited by angiogenic growth factors. During pregnancy a generalized mild inflammatory response is observed. During preeclampsia this generalized inflammatory response is even further activated and activation of the endothelium occurs. We hypothesized that GBP-1 is increased in healthy pregnancy and will be even further increased during preeclampsia. In the first experiment, plasma and placentas were collected from healthy and preeclamptic pregnancies. Plasma was also collected from non-pregnant women. For the second experiment longitudinal blood samples from women with a healthy or preeclamptic pregnancy were collected from the end of the first trimester until birth and one sample postpartum. The plasma GBP-1 levels were measured by ELISA and GBP-1 mRNA and protein levels in the placenta were tested by qPCR and immunohistochemistry. During pregnancy higher plasma concentrations of GBP-1 compared with non-pregnant women were observed. Surprisingly, during preeclampsia, plasma GBP-1 levels were lower than in control pregnancies and similar to the level of non-pregnant controls. Placental GBP-1 mRNA levels were not different between healthy and preeclamptic pregnancies and GBP-1 protein was virtually undetectable in the trophoblast by immunohistochemistry in placental tissue. Evaluation of longitudinal samples showed that plasma GBP-1 concentrations increased towards the end of pregnancy in healthy pregnancies, but not in preeclampsia. In line with our hypothesis, we found higher GBP-1 plasma levels during healthy pregnancy. However, plasma GBP-1 did not further increase during preeclampsia, but was stable. Further studies are needed to evaluate why GBP-1 does not increase during preeclampsia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-24
Number of pages7
JournalPregnancy Hypertension
Early online date2021
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2021


  • GBP-1
  • Guanylate binding protein 1
  • Endothelial cell
  • Placenta
  • Preeclampsia
  • Pregnancy

Cite this