Heart failure is associated with accelerated age related metabolic bone disease

Pieter Martens*, Jozine M. ter Maaten, Dimitri Vanhaen, Ellen Heeren, Thalissa Caers, Becky Bovens, Jeroen Dauw, Matthias Dupont, Wilfried Mullens

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    Background:The heart failure (HF)-syndrome is associated with neuro-hormonal activation, chronic kidney disease (CKD), inflammation and alterations in the phosphorus-metabolism, all of which are involved in regulation of mineral bone density. However, the role of HF as an independent factor associated with metabolic bone disease (MBD) remains unclear. Methods:HF-patients undergoing dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) were matched in a 1:2 fashion against age and gender matched controls without HF, to determine the proportion of osteoporosis (T-score <-2.5). HF-status was tested against known predictors of MBD. Correlation analysis and Z-score analysis were used to assess the impact of HF on age-related bone demineralisation. Results:A total of 190 HF-patients (age = 80 +/- 10 years, female = 61%) were age and gender matched to 380 controls. HF-patients had a higher proportion of osteoporosis (26 vs 17%;p = .007). HF patients had a lower averaged mineral bone density expressed in g/cm(2) (p = .030), T-scores (p = .001) and Z-scores (p <.001). After adjusting for the individual osteoporosis risk-factors of the FRAX-score, difference in baseline features, kidney function and phosphorus-metabolism alterations, heart failure remained independently associated with a lower averaged T-score (Adjusted beta= -0.189;p = .017). Heart failure was associated with an accelerated age-related decline in mineral bone density (p = .0418). Therapies with ACE-I or ARBs and beta-blockers associated with ameliorated bone demineralisation (p = .023, respectivelyp = .029), while loop diuretic associated with worsened bone demineralization (p <.001). Conclusion:Heart failure independently associates with MBD and higher prevalence of osteoporosis. Heart failure aggravates the aged related loss in mineral bone density while treatment with neuro-hormonal blockers seemed to ameliorate this finding.

    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages9
    JournalActa cardiologica
    Publication statusPublished - 3-Jun-2020


    • Heart failure
    • comorbidities
    • geriatrics
    • osteoporosis
    • metabolic bone disease
    • RISK

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